The theory of control continues with the study of major social factors, saying that social control is directly influenced by the strength of the social bond and that the deviation results from a sense of separation from society. People who think they are part of society are less likely to commit crimes against them. This imbalance, based on class power, is also reflected in American criminal law. In the 1980s, the use of crack cocaine (cocaine in its purest form) quickly became an epidemic that overwhelmed the country`s poorest urban communities. Its pricier counterpart, cocaine, was associated with high-end users and was a drug of choice for the rich. The legal impact when they were taken by the authorities with crack cocaine were very different. In 1986, federal law required that obtaining 50 grams of crack cocaine be punishable by 10 years in prison. However, a prison sentence for possession of cocaine required possession of 5,000 grams. In other words, the differences in sentence were 1 to 100 (New York Times Editorial Staff 2011). This inequality in the severity of the penalty for crack cocaine, alongside the unequal social class of users. A conflict theorist would find that those in society who hold power are also those who make the crime law.
In doing so, they make laws that are useful to them, while the powerless classes, who cannot afford to make such decisions, suffer the consequences. The gap between crack and cocaine was maintained until 2010, when President Obama signed the Fair Sentencing Act, which narrowed the gap between 1 and 18 (The Sentencing Project 2010). Symbolic interaction is a theoretical approach that can be used to explain how societies and/or social groups view behaviours as deviant or conventional. Labelling theory, differential association, theory of social disorganization and control theory enter the realm of symbolic interaction. Travis Hirschi (1969) identified four types of social ties that connect people to society: Max Webers (1864-1920) The confrontational approach is contrasted with that of Marx. While Marx focused on how individual behaviours are conditioned on social structure, Weber stressed the importance of “social action,” that is, the individual`s ability to influence social relationships.  The company viewed the company as a functional organization. Functionalism concerns “efforts to ensure that each characteristic, custom or practice is as rigorously as possible its impact on the functioning of a supposedly stable and cohesive system” The main form of social conflict in durkheim was crime. Durkheim saw crime as “a public health factor, an integral part of all healthy societies.”  Collective consciousness defines certain acts as “criminals.” Crime therefore plays a role in the development of morality and justice: “Not only does this mean that the path remains open to necessary changes, but that it directly prepares for these changes in some cases.”  The Skull and Bones Society made headlines in 2004 when it was reported that then-President George W.